A B C D E F G H I J L K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z Greek

Abbreviations


A
AAmpere (SI unit for electric current); adenosine (ribonucleoside residues)
ÅAngstrom, unit for length, 1 Å= 10−10 m
AAacrylic acid; ascorbic acid
AAmacryl amide
AAmacryl amide
AAVassociated acceptance values (cef. MPP)
Abantibody
ABCATP-binding cassette
ABGarterial blood gas
ABSacrylonitrile butadiene styrene (co-polymer)
ABTSdi-ammonium 2,2’-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonate)
ACalternating current
ACEOAC EO
AChRacetylcholine receptor
ACSacute coronary syndrom
ADFETadsorption-based FET
ADHalcohol dehydrogenase
ADManesthetic depth monitoring
ADMETabsorption, distribution,
metabolism, excretion, toxicity (pharmacol.)
ADPadenosine diphosphate (cef. ATP)
ADRadverse drug reaction
AFMatomic force microscopy
AIartificial intelligence
AIBNazobisisobutyronitrile
AIDSacquired immunodeficiency syndrom
Alaluminum (chemical symbol)
ALCAMactivated leukocyte cell adhesion molecule
ALBalbumin
ALEatomic layer epitaxy (other name for ALD)
ALPalkaline phosphatase
AMANDAGerman for Abformung (molding) –
Oberflächenmikromechanik (surface micromachining) –
Membranübertragung (diaphragm based transfer)
AMIacute myocardial infarction
AMRantimicrobial drug resistance; adaptive mesh refinement
Ananalyte
AOacridine orange
AOXalcohol oxidase
APalkaline phosphatase
APDavalanche photodiode
APTES3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane
ARaspect ratio
ARIacute respiratory infection
ARROWantiresonant reflecting optical waveguide
ARTanti-retroviral therapy
ARVanti-retroviral (therapy) ART
ASallele specific (PCR)
ASSPapplication-specific standard product
ASICapplication-specific integrated circuit
ASSUREDaffordable, sensitive, specific,
user-friendly, rapid and robust,
equipment-free, and deliverable to end-users Martinez10
ASTantimicrobial / antibiotics susceptibility testing
ATPadenosine triphosphate (cef. ADP)
ATPSaqueous two-phase system (bacteria separation technique)
ATRattenuated total reflection (IR spectroscopy)
AUCarea under curve

B
BACbacterial artificial chromosome
BAECbovine aortic endothelial cell
BALFbronchoalveolar lavage fluid
BBBblood brain barrier
BCIbrain-computer interface
BCPbromocresol purple
BEbarrel etching
BGEbackground electrolyte
BIAbiomolecular interaction analysis
BILbilirubin
BLMbilayer lipid membrane
BMbone marrow
BMAbutyl methacrylate
BMDCbone marrow derived cell
BMIbrain-machine interface
BNPbrain / β- / B-type natriuretic peptide (marker of chronic heart failure)
BODbiochemical oxygen demand
BRFbiased reptation model with fluctuations
BRLbiological recognition layer
BRMbiased reptation model
BSAbovum serum albumin
BSaCbubble spring and channel
BSIblood stream infection

C
Ccentigrade, Celsius (temperature unit); Coulomb (SI unit)
carbon (chemical symbol); cytidine (ribonucleoside residues)
CAEcapillary array electrophoresis
CAMcomputer aided manufacturing; cell adhesion matrix
CBCcomplete blood count
CBFcerebral blood flow
CCBRcontinuous centrifugal bioreactor
CCDcharge-coupled device
CCEcentrifugal counterflow elutriation
CDcompact disc (optical data storage); cluster of differentiation (immunology)
CDCcharge delivery capacity
CDRcomplementarity-determining region (antibody)
CDxcompanion diagnostics (Dx)
CD-RCD recordable
CEcapillary electrophoresis; CE mark / marking
(Communauté Européenne or Conformité Européenne)
CEAcarcinoembryonic antigen (cancer marker)
CECcapillary (or chip) electro-chromatography; circulating endothelial cell
CepCcirculating endothelial cell
CEWcontinuous electrowetting
CFcystic fibrosis
CFCcirculating fetal cell
CFDcomputational fluid dynamics
CFUcolony forming unit
CGEcapillary gel electrophoresis
CHEMFETchemically modified field effect transistor
CGMcontinuous glucose monitoring
CHFchronic heart failure
ChIPChromatin immunoprecipitation
CHOChinese hamster ovarian (cell)
CIconcentration index
CIMconvective interaction material; ceramic injection molding
CKcreatine kinase; cytokeratin
CLchemiluminescence
CLIAclinical laboratory improvement amendments
(quality laboratory testing)
CMCcritical micelle concentration
CMOScomplementary metal oxide semiconductor
CNCcomputer numerical control
CNScentral nervous system
CNTcarbon nanotube
CNVcopy number variation
COCcyclic olefin copolymer (tradename: TOPAS)
COMPcartilage oligomeric matrix protein
COPcyclo olefin polymer (trade name: Zeonor)
COPDchronic obstructive pulmonary disorder
CombiChemcombinatorial chemistry
CPAcryoprotective agent
CPEcytopathic effect
CPWcoplanar waveguide
CRBNchemical, biological, radiological, nuclear
(context: weapons of mass destruction)
CRMcertified reference material
CRPC-reactive protein
CSCcharge storage capacity; cancer stem cell
CSFcerebrospinal fluid
CTcomputer tomography
CTABcetyl trimethylammonium bromide
CTCcirculating tumour cell
CTEcoefficient of thermal expansion
CTMcirculating tumour microemboli
CTRcarbon dioxide transfer rate
CVcoefficient of variation (relative standard deviation); cyclic voltammetry
CVDchemical vapor deposition; cardiovascular disease
Cy3cyanine 3 AmershamBiosciences04, fluorochrome: peak excitation /
emission wavelength [nm]: (512);550 / 570;(615)
Cy5cyanine 5 AmershamBiosciences04, fluorochrome: peak excitation /
emission wavelength [nm]: (625);650 / 670
CZEcapillary zone electrophoresis

D
DaDalton (atomic mass unit, named after John Dalton)
DAPI4’,6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (nuclear stain for cells)
DATdirect agglutination test; drugs-of-abuse testing
DBRdistributed Bragg reflector
DBSdried blood spot
DCdirect current; dendritic cell
DCRdark count rate (optical detection)
DDWdistilled deionized water
DDSdrug delivery system
DEPdielectrophoresis
DFRdry film resist
DFSdisease-free suvival
DHAdehydroascorbic acid AA
DIde-ionized (water)
DICdifferential interference contrast (microscopy)
DLPdigital light processor
DLSdynamic light scattering
DOdissolved oxygen
DOAdrug of abuse
DoDdrop on demand (inkjet)
DLWdirect laser writing
DMDiabetes mellitus
DMCSdimethylchlorosilane
DMDdigital (micro-)mirror device
DMEMDulbecco’s modified eagle’s medium
DMFdimethylformamide (organic solvent); digital microfluidics
DMFCdirect methanol fuel cell
DMSOdimethylsulfoxide
DNAdeoxyribonucleic acid
DOCdigital optical chemistry
DPNdip-pen nanolithography
DRGdiagnosis related group
DRIEdeep reactive ion etching
DSPdigital signal processor; downstream processing
DTCdisseminated tumour cell
DVDdigital versatile disc
DVTdeep venous thrombosis
Dxdiagnostics (industry)
DXRLdeep XRL

E
EAPelectroactive polymer
EBethidium bromide; embryonic body
EBLelectron beam lithography
EBVEpstein Barr virus
ECendothelial cell
ECDelectrochemical detection
ECFextracellular fluid
ECGelectrocardiography
ECLelectro-chemiluminescence
ECMextracellular matrix
ECMOextracorporal membrane oxygenation
ECPelectrocapillary pumping
EDC1-ethyl-3-(dimethylaminopropyl)carbodiimide
EDLelectric double layer
EDMelectro-discharge machining
EDMAethylene glycol dimethacrylate
EDTAethylenediaminetetraacetic acid
EDXenergy disperson X-ray (spectroscopy)
EEGelectroencephalography
EFevanescent field
EGDMethylene glycol dimethacrylate
EGFRepidermal growth factor receptor (tumor marker)
EGTAethylene glycol tetraacetic acid
EHDelectrohydrodynamic
EHECEnterohaemorraghic Escherichia Coli
EIAenzyme immunoassay
EICEelectrowetting on insulator-coated electrodes (cef. EWOD)
EISelectrochemical impedance spectroscopy
EITelectrical impedance tomography
ELelectroluminescence
ELIAenzyme-linked immunoassay
ELISAenzyme-linked immunosorbent assay
EMelectromagnetic
EMFelectromotive force
EMGelectromyography
EMIelectromagnetic interference
EMLCelectrochemically modulated LC
EMTepithelial-mesenchymal transition
EOelectroosmosis
EOFelectroosmotic flow
EPCendothelial progenitor cell
EpCAMepithelial cell adhesion molecule
EPDMethylene propylene diene elastomer
ERendiplasmic reticulum (cellular organelle)
ERDAelastic recoil detection analysis
ESembryonic stem (cell)
ESRDend stage renal disease
ESCembryonic stem cell
ESCAelectron spectroscopy for chemical analysis (cef. XPS)
ESIelectrospray ionization
ESI-MSESI mass spectrometry
ESMSelectrospraying into a mass spectrometer
ESRerythrocyte sedimentation rate
ESTexpression sequence tag
ETLelectron transporting layer
EUVextreme UV
EVDexternal ventricular drain (catheter)
EVOHethylene vinyl alcohol
EWelectrowetting; evanescent wave
EWODelectrowetting on dielectric
EXAFSextended X-ray absorption fine structure

F
Fabfragment antigen binding (antibody)
FAformaldehyde
FABPfatty-acid binding protein
FACSfluorescence activated cell sorting
FASAFresnel annular sector actuator
FASSfield-amplified sample stacking
FBCfull blood count
FBEfull blood exam
Fcfragment crystallizable (antibody)
FCCface centered cubic (crystal)
FCMflow cytometry
FCSfluorescence correlation spectroscopy; fetal calf (bovine) serum
FDAFood and Drug Administration (US government agency)
FDIforeign direct investment
FDMfinite difference method
FEAfinite element analysis
FEMfinite element method
FEPfluorinated ethylene propylene
FETfield effect transistor
FFferrofluid; flow fractionation
FFFfree-flow fractionation
FFDflow-focusing device
FFEfree-flow electrophoresis
FFMRfalling film microreactor
FIAflow injection analysis; fluorescent immunoassay
FIBfocused ion beam
FIDflame ionization detector
FISHfluorescent in-situ hybridization
FITCfluorescein isothiocyanate (fluorescent label)
FLfluorescence
FLAMEflow analysis with automated multivariate estimation
FLIMfluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy
FLISAfluorescence-linked immunosorbant assay
FMEAfailure mode and effects analysis
FNfibronectin
FOBTfecal occult blood testing
FOMfigure of merit
FOVfield of view (optics)
FPGAfield-programmable gate array (electronics)
FPWflexural plate wave
FRETFörster (also fluorescence) resonant energy transfer
FSfused silica
FSCforward scattering
FWHMfull width at half maximum
FTIRFourier transform infrared spectroscopy
FTVflow tagging velocimetry

G
Gguanosine (ribonucleoside residues)
GaAsgallium arsenide
GCgas chromatography; ganglion cell
GEgel electrophoresis
GeGermanium (chemical element)
GFPgreen fluorescent protein
GGTgamma glutamyl transferase
GMAglycidyl methacrylate
GMMOgenetically modified micro-organism
GMOgenetically modified organism
GMPgood manufacturing practice
GMRgiant magnetoresistance
GMSgenomic mismatch scanning
GODglucose oxidase (cef. GOx)
GOxglucose oxidase (cef. GOD)
GPgeneral practicioner
GPCRG-protein coupled receptor

H
HARMhigh aspect ratio microstructure
Hbhemoglobin
HbA1chemoglobin A1c
HClhydrochloric acid
HCPhost cell protein
HCShigh content screening
Hcthematocrit (blood)
HDChydrodynamic chromatography
HDFhydrodynamic flow
HDLhigh-density lipoprotein; hardware description language
HDPEhigh-density polyethylene
HDTheat distortion temperature (polymers)
HEhot embossing
HEChydroxyethyl cellulose
HeLacell line derived from cervical cancer cells
taken from Mrs. Henrietta Lacks
HEMA2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate
HEPAhigh efficiency particulate air (filter)
HERhuman epithelial growth factor receptor
hESChuman embryonic stem cell (ESC)
HETPheight equivalent of a theoretical plate
HIEhypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy
HIFhypoxia inducible factor
HFhydrogen fluoride, hydrofluoric acid; heart failure
HFBhollow fiber bioreactor
HGHhuman growth hormone
HIVhuman immunodeficiency virus
HLAhuman leukocyte antigen
HMCVhydrophobic microcapillary vent
HMDShexamethyldisilizane
HOMPP2-hydroxy-2-methylpropiophenone
HPChematopoietic progenitor cell
HPLChigh-performance liquid chromatography
HPMC(hydroxypropyl)methyl cellulose
HPVhuman papilloma virus
HRPhorseradish peroxidase
HSAhuman serum albumin
HSVHerpes simplex virus (type 1 and 2)
HTLhole transporting layer
HTShigh-throughput screening
HUGOhuman genome project
HUVEChuman umbilical vein endothelial cell
HVhigh voltage

I
IBEion beam etching
ICintegrated circuit (electronics)
IC50half maximal (50%) inhibitory concentration
ICAMintercellular adhesion molecule
ICPinductively coupled plasma
ICSimmuno-chromatographic strip (test strip)
ICTinformation and communication technologies
ICUintensive care unit
ICEOinduced-charge electroosmosis
IDinner / internal diameter; infectious disease
IDAinterdigitated (microelectrode) array
IDLinstrument detection limit
IDTinterdigital transducer
IEplasma (ion) etching
IEFisoelectric focusing
IEPisoelectric point
IFimmuno-fluorescence
IFAimmuno-fluorescence assay
IFEinterfollicular epidermis
IFNinterferon
IgGclass of immunoglobulin proteins
IGFinsulin-like growth factor
IHCimmunohistochemistry
IJinkjet
ILinterleukin (cytokine); ionic liquid
IMinjection molding
INFinterferon
INRinternational normalized ratio (coagulation time testing)
IOPintraocular pressure
IPintellectual property; immunoprecipitation
IPFimmature platelet fraction
IRinfrared (radiation)
ISIinternational sensitivity index
ISFinterstitial fluid
ISFETion sensitive FET
ISOinternational organization for standardization
ITOindium-tin oxide
ITPisotachophoresis
IUinternational units
IUPACInternational Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry
IVintra-venous; in vitro
IVDin-vitro diagnostics
IVFin-vitro fertilization

J
JJoule (unit of energy)

K
KKelvin (SI unit of absolute temperature)
KClpotassium chloride
KETkey enabling technology
KOHpotassium hydroxide

L
LADlung-assist device
LAMPloop-mediated isothermal amplification method
LBLuria-Bertani (buffer)
LBLlayer-by-layer (self-assembly)
LBMlattice Boltzmann method
LBRlaser beam recorder (optical disc manufacturing)
LCliquid chromatography
LCMlaser capture microdissection
LCPliquid crystal polymer; large character printing
LCRligase chain reaction
LCSTlower critical solution temperature (thermoresponsive hydrogel)
LDlaser diode
LDIlaser desorption ionization
LDHlactate dehydrogenase
LDLlow-density lipoprotein
LDPElow-density polyethylene
LDVlaser–Doppler velocimetry
LEDlight-emitting diode
LEPlight-emitting polymer
LFlateral flow
LFAlateral flow assay
LFDlateral flow (LF) device
LFIAlateral flow (LF) immunoassay
LFTlateral flow (LF) test
LIFlaser-induced fluorescence
LIGAGerman acronym for Lithographie (lithography) –
Galvanoformung (electroplating) – Abformung (molding)
LISAlithographically-induced self-assembly
LLEliquid/liquid extraction
LLPlow level presence
LMWlow molecular weight
LoaClab-on-a-chip (synonymous for LoC)
LoClab-on-chip (synonymous for LoaC)
LODlactate oxidase
LoDlimit of detection
LOHloss of heterozygosity
LoQlimit of quantitation
LPCVDlow pressure CVD
LPDliquid phase deposition
LPSlipopolysaccharide
LRTIlower respiratory tract infection
LSCMlaser scanning confocal microscope
LSMlaser scanning microscope
LSPRlocalized SPR
LTlow temperature
LTCClow temperature co-fired ceramic
LYSlife year saved

M
MAbmonoclonal antibody
MACSmagnetically activated cell sorting
MALDImatrix-assisted laser desorption ionization
MALDI-MSMALDI MS
MALDI-TOFMALDI TOF spectrometer
MALSmultiangle light scattering
MAPmagnetophoresis
MAPSSmulti-angle, polarized scatter separation
MBCmicro bubble column; metastatic breast cancer
MBEmolecular beam epitaxy
MCHmean corpuscular hemoglobin (blood), Hb / RBC; 6-mercapto-1-hexanol (SAM)
MCHCmean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (blood), Hb / Hct
MCHXmicrochannel heat exchanger
MCSmulti-cellular spheroid
MDmolecular diagnostics
MDLmethod detection limit
MDxmolecular diagnostics (Dx)
MEAmembrane electrode assembly (fuel cells); multi- / micro-electrode array
MECCmicellar electrokinetic capillary chromatography
MECNacetonitrile (organic solvent)
MEKCmicellar electrokinetic chromatography
MEMSmicroelectromechanical system
METmesenchymal epithelial transition
MFCmass flow controller
MFFFmagnetic field flow fractionation
MHCmajor histocompatibility complex
MHDmagneto-hydrodynamic
MImyocardial infarction
MICminimal inhibitory concentration
MIDmoulded interconnect(ed) device
MIMICmicro molding in capillaries
MKSAmeter–kilogram–second–Ampere (cef. and )
MKTmolecular kinetic theory
MMCmitomycin C (anticancer drug)
MMPmatrix metalloproteinase
MNCmononuclear (blood) cells
MNPmagnetic nanoparticle
MOEMSmicro optical electromechanical system
MOSFETmetal-oxide-semiconductor FET
MPFmulti phase flow
MPOmyeloperoxidase
MPPminimum performance parameter
MPSSmassively parallel signature sequencing
MPWmulti project wafer
MRDminimal residual disease
MRFmagneto-rheological fluid
MRImagnetic resonance imaging
MPPSmost penetrating particle size (air filtration)
MREmicro reaction engineering
MRLmaximum residue limit
MRSAMethicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
MRTmicro reaction technology
MSmass spectroscopy
MSCmesenchymal stem cell
MSTmicrosystem technology
MTBMycobacterium tuberculosis
MTPmicrotiter plate, well plate
MTVmolecular tagging velocimetry
MoAbmonoclonal antibody
MSSAMethicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus
MWCNTmulti-walled CNT
MUXmultiplexer
MZIMach–Zehnder interferometer

N
NNewton (SI unit for force)
NAnumerical aperture; nucleic acid
NAATnucleic acid amplicifaction testing
NaClsodium chloride
NaOHsodium hydroxide
NASBAnucleic acid sequence-based amplification
NATnucleic acid test(ing)
NCnormally closed (valve)
NCPnano-composite polymer
NEMSnano-electromechanical system (cef. MEMS)
NEXAFSnear edge X-ray absorption fine structure
NGOnon-government organization
NGSnext-generation sequencing
NHEnormal hydrogen electrode (electrochemistry)
NHSN-hydroxysuccinimide
Ninickel (chemical symbol)
NILnanoimprint lithography
NIPAAmN-isopropylacrylamide
NIPSnonsolvent induced phase separation
NIRnear infrared
NISTNational Institute of Standards and Technology
NKnatural killer (cells)
NMCnanomechanical cantilever
NMRnuclear magnetic resonance (spectroscopy)
NOnitric oxide; normally open (valve)
NRnanoribbon
NRBCnucleated RBC
NRE non-recurring engineering
NSNavier-Stokes (equation)
NSCneutral stem cell
NSCLCnon-small cell lung cancer
NSLnanosphere lithography
NTCno-template control; negative temperature coefficient
NTDneglected tropical disease
NVPN-vinyl pyrrolidone
NVVnervous necrosis virus
NWnanowire
NWFnetwork-forming (ion) in glass
NWMnetwork-modifying (ion) in glass

O
OAosteoathritis
OBPodorant binding protein
OCECopen-channel electro-chromatography
OCPopen-circuit potential
ODoptical density
OEGoligoethylene-glycol
OEMoriginal equipment manufacturer
OETopto-electronic tweezer(s)
OLEDorganic LED
ORMOCERorganically modified ceramic
ORMOSILorganically modified silicate
ORFopen reading frame
OSoverall survival (cancer)
OTCover-the-counter (drugs)
OTCFoscillatory thermocapillary flow
OTRoxygen transfer rate
OURoxygen uptake rate

P
PApolyamide
PaPascal (SI unit for pressure)
PAApoylacrylic acid
PAAmpoylacrylamide
PAGEpolyacrylamide gel electrophoresis
PANIpoly(aniline)
PATprocess analytical technology
PBpowder blasting
PBRpacked bed bioreactor
PBMCperipheral blood mononuclear cell
PBSphosphate-buffered saline
PBTpolybutyleneterephthalate
PCpolycarbonate; photonic crystal
PCAphenyl chloroacetate
PCaprostate cancer
PCBprinted circuit board (electronics)
PCDprogrammed cell death, e.g. apoptosis
PCRpolymerase chain reaction (for DNA amplification)
Pctplateletcrit (blood)
PCVpacked cell volume (blood)
PDphotodiode
PDDApoly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride)
PDFpressure driven flow
PDMSpolydimethylsiloxane
PDWplatlet distribution width (blood)
PEpolyethylene; plasma etching
PEBpost-exposure bake (lithography)
PEVApoly(ethylene-co-vinyl acetate)
PECVDplasma-enhanced CVD
PEEKpolyetheretherketone
PEGpolyethylene glycol
PEGDApoly(ethylene glycol) diacrylate
PEIpoly(ethyleneimine); polyetherimide
PEMpolymer electrolyte membrane; polyelectrolyte multilayer
(also: proton exchange membrane)
PEOpolyethylene oxide
PETpolyethylene terephthalate
PEtOxpoly(2-ethyl-2-oxazoline)
PFphenol formaldehyde
PFAperfluoralkoxy copolymer; paraformaldehyde
PFFpinched flow fractionation
PFGEpulsed-field agarose gel electrophoresis
PFPEperfluoropolyether
PFSprogression-free survival (cancer)
PGMpersonal glucose meter
PhCphotonic crystal
PIpolyimide; propidium iodide (dead cell stain)
PICperipheral interface controller (Harvard architecture microcontroller)
PIMpowder injection molding
PLCprogrammable logic controller
PLDpuled laser deposition
PLGApolylactic glycolic acid
PMAApoly(methacrylic acid)
PMApre-market approval (FDA)
PMMApoly(methyl methacrylate)
PMNpolymorphonuclear (WBC)
PMTphoto-multiplying tube, photomultiplier
PMTApoly(2-(methacryloyloxy)ethyl trimethylammonium chloride)
PNApeptide nucleic acid
Plttotal platelet count (blood)
PoAbpolyclonal antibody
POCpoint-of-care; proof of concept
POCTpoint-of-care testing
PODperoxidase
POEApolyethoxylated tallow amine
POMpolyoxymethylene
PPpolypropylene
PPPplatelet-poor plasma
PPCVDpulsed-plasma CVD
PPEpolyphenylene ether
PPMporous polymer monolith
PPMporous polymer monolith
PPPplatelet-poor plasma
PPSpolyphenylene sulfide
PPVpoly(para-phenylene vinylene)
PPypolypyrrole
PRphoto-resist (lithography)
PRPplatelet-rich plasma
PSpolystyrene; porous silicon
PSDproduct specifications document
PSAprostate-specific antigen (cancer marker); pressure-sensitive adhesive
PSMAprostate-specific membrane antigen (cancer marker)
PSQpolysilsesquioxane
PSUpolysulfone
PTprothrombin time (blood coagulation test)
PTFEpolytetrafluoroethylene (Teflon)
PUpolyurethane
PVApolyvinyl alcohol
PVCpolyvinyl chloride
PVDphysical vapor deposition
PVDCpolyvinylidene chloride
PVDFpolyvinylidene fluoride
PVLplasma viral load
PVPpolyvinyl pyrrolidone
PWMpulse width modulation
PZRpiezoresistive
PZTlead zirconate titanate, piezoelectric transducer

Q
QCquality control
QCMquartz-crystal microbalance

R
R&Dresearch and development
RBCred blood cell
RBSRutherford back scattering (spectroscopy)
RCArolling circle amplification
RDWRBC distribution width
REreference electrode (electrochemistry)
RFradio-frequency
RFLPrestriction fragment length polymorphism
RHrelative humidity
RHEreversible hydrogen electrode
RIrefractive index
RIAradio-immunoassay
RIBEreactive ion beam etching
RIEreactive ion etching
RINRNA integrity number
RIUrefractive index (RI) unit
RNAribonucleic acid
ROIregion of interest; return on investment
RPArecombinase polymerase amplification
RPCreverse phase chromatography
RPMrevolutions or rotations per minute
RQrespiratory quotient
RTreal-time; reverse transcriptase; room temperature
RTDresidence time distribution; research and technology development;
resistance temperature detector
RT-PCRreverse transcription PCR
Rxprescription, pharma(ceutical)

S
SSiemens, SI unit for electric conductivity
S/Nsignal-to-noise ratio
SAstreptavidin; Staphylococcus aureus
SAGEserial analysis of gene expression
SALDIsurface assisted laser desorption ionization
SAMself-assembled monolayer
SARstructure–activity relationship
SARSsevere acute respiratory syndrom
SAWsurface acoustic wave (transducer)
SAXSsmall angle X-ray scattering
SBsynthetic biology
SBHsequencing by hybridization
SCEsaturated / standard calomel electrode
SCFMstandard cubic feet per minute
SCPsmall character printing
SBSLsingle-bubble sonoluminescence
SCDCsingle cell derived culture
SDstandard deviation
SDAstrand displacement amplification
SDSsodium dodecyl sulphate
SDS-PAGESDS polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis
SECsize exclusion chromatography
SELEXsystematic evolution of ligands by exponential enrichment
SEMscanning electron microscope
SERFspin-exchange relaxation-free (NMR)
SERSsurface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy
SFAsurface force apparatus
SFBsilicon fusion bonding
SFMscanning force microscopy
SH-SAWshear horizontal SAW (transducer)
SHEstandard hydrogen electrode
SHGsecond-harmonic generation (laser)
SHOMsequencing by hybridization with an oligonucleotide matrix
SIsystème internationale d’unités,
standard international (cef. MKSA and cgs)
SIMSsecondary ion mass spectroscopy
Sisilicon (chemical symbol)
Si:Hhydrogenated Si
Si3N4silicon nitride
SiNWsilicon nanowire
SiO2silicon dioxide, silica
SILACstable isotope labeling with amino acids in cell culture
SiPsystem in package
SIRSsystemic inflammatory response syndrome
SLsonoluminescence
SLESsodium lauryl ether sulfate, also sodium laureth sulfate
SLSsodium laureth sulfate
SMAshape memory alloy
SMBsmall and medium business (= SME)
SMCsmooth muscle cell
SMEsmall and medium enterprise (= SMB)
SMSsingle molecule sequencing
SNPsingle nucleotide polymorphism
SNRsignal-to-noise ratio
SoCsystem-on-chip
SoDstream-on-demand technology
SOIsilicon-on-insulator (wafer)
SPPsurface plasmon polariton
SPRsurface plasmon resonance (spectroscopy)
SPRiSPR imaging
SOGspin-on glass
SOPstandard operating procedure
SPADsingle-photon avalanche diode
SPEsolid phase extraction
SPMsolid polymer membrane (cef. PEM)
SPR-BIASPR-based biomolecular interaction analysis
SRSsystem requirements specifications
SSstainless steel
SSAWstanding SAW
SSCsaline sodium citrate; side scattering
SSLPsimple sequence length polymorphism
STDsexually transmitted disease
STECStx-producing E. Coli
STEMscience, technology, engineering and mathematics
STIsexually transmitted infection
STKEsignal transduction knowledge environment
STPstandard temperature and pressure
STRshort tandem repeat
STSsequence tagged site
StxShiga toxin
SWCNTsingle-walled CNT

T
TTesla (SI unit); ribosylthymine (ribonucleoside residues)
TAAtumour associated antigen
Taq-polymeraseDNA polymerase of thermophilic bacterium Thermus aquaticus
TAStotal analysis system
TasPtreatment as prevention
TATturnaround time
TBtuberculosis
TBETris-Borate-EDTA (buffer)
TBStris-buffered saline
TCtumour cell
TCFthermocapillary flow
TCPthermocapillary pumping
TCSPCtime-correlated single-photon counting
TDdecomposition temperature (polymers)
TDMtherapeutic drug monitoring
TEERtransepithelial electrical resistance
TEMtransmission electron microscopy; track etched membrane
TEOStetra ethyl orthosilicate
TFBthermoplastic fusion bonding
TFTthin-film transistor
TGFtransformation growth factor
THFtetrahydrofuran (organic solvent)
TILtumor-infiltrating lymphocytes
TIRtotal internal reflection
TIREtotal internal reflection ellipsometry
TIRFtotal internal reflection fluorescence
TLCthermochromic liquid crystal
TLRtoll-like receptor
TMAtissue microarray
TMBtetramethyl benzidine
TMACltetramethyl-ammonium chloride
TMAHtetramethyl-ammonium hydroxide
TMCStrimethylchlorosilane
TMOStetramethoxysilane
TMVtobacco mosaic virus
TnCtroponin C
TNFtumor necrosis factor
TnItroponin I
TnTtroponin T
TOFtime-of-flight
TOF-ERDATOF ERDA
TPAtissue plasminogenic antigen
TPCthree-phase contact (line)
TPEthermoset polyester; thermoplastic elastomer
TRHthyroid releasing hormone
TRITCtetramethyl rhodamine isothiocyanate
TSAWtraveling SAW
TSEtransmissible spongiform encephalopathy
TSHthyroid stimulating hormone
TTVtotal thickness variation
TWtraveling wave

U
uHTSultrahigh-throughput screening
UHPLCultra HPLC
UNUnited Nations (organization)
UTIurinary tract infection
UVultra-violet
UV-NILUV-NIL

V
VVolt (SI unit for voltage)
VCventure capital
VCSELvertical-cavity surface-emitting laser
VEGFvascular endothelial growth factor
VLviral load
VOCvolatile organic compound
VSCvascular stem cell
VSMvibrating sample magnetometer
VSMCvascular smooth muscle cell
VSVvesicular stomatitis virus
VTEvenous thromboembolsim

W
WWatt (SI unit for power)
WAXSwide angle X-ray scattering
WBCwhite blood cell
WEworking electrode (electrochemistry)
WGMwhispering gallery mode
WHOWorld Health Organization

X
XPSX-ray photoelectron spectroscopy
XAFSX-ray absorption fine-structure (spectroscopy)
XRLX-ray lithography
XRRX-ray reflectivity

Y
YACyeast artificial chromosome
YLDyears of healthy life lost as a result of disability

Z
ZEzone electrophoresis

Small

a
amuatomic mass unit
antigenantibody (Ab) generator
a-Siamorphous Si
aRNAamplified RNA
atmatmosphere (pressure unit)
auarbitrary units

b
bpbase pair (of nucleic acid)

c
cBSAcationized BSA
cDNAcomplementary DNA
cccubic centimeter, cm3
cGMPcurrent GMP
cgscentimeter–gram–second (system of units, cef. SI and MKSA)
cIEFcapillary IEF
cIJcontinuous inkjet
cmcentimeter, 10−2 m
cMSCchaperone mesenchymal stem cell
cTnIcardiac TnI
ctDNAcirculating (free) tumour DNA
cyborgcybernetic organism

d
dBdecibel
ddAdideoxy adenine
ddCdideoxy cytosine
ddGdideoxy guanine
ddTdideoxy thymine
dsDNAdouble-stranded DNA

e

f
flfemtoliter, 10−15 l

g
gDNAgenomic DNA

h
hCGhuman chorionic gonadotropin
hIgGhuman IgG
hPahecto-Pascal (pressure unit)

i

j

k
kbkilo-base pair(s)
kbpkilo-base pair(s)
kCGhuman chorionic gonadotropin
kgkilogram (SI unit for weight)
kPakilo-Pascal (pressure unit)

l
lliter (SI unit for volume)
laserlight amplification by stimulated emission

m
mmeter (SI unit for length)
mAbmonoclonal antibody
miRNAmicro RNA
mlmilliliter, 10−3 l
mmmillimeter, 10−3 m
mHealthmobile health
mRNAmessenger RNA
mtDNAmitochondrial DNA

n
nDEPnegative DEP
nfluidicsnanofluidics
nlnanoliter, 10−9 l
nmnanometer, 10−9 m
ntnucleotide

o

p
plpicoliter, 10−12 l
poly-Sipolycrystalline Si
ppbparts per billion
ppmparts per million
p-RNApyrasonil RNA
psipounds per square inch (pressure unit)

q
qPCR / q-PCRquantitative (real-time) PCR, also real-time PCR

r
rGradius of gyration
rNTPribonucleic nucleotide triphosphates
rpmRPM
rRNAribosomal RNA

s
ssecond (SI unit for time)
scAbsingle-chain Ab
sccmstandard cubic centimeters per minute (flow measurement)
scFvsingle-chain variable fragment (antibody)
siRNAshort interfering RNA
sPROMsstructurally programmable microfluidic system
ssDNAsingle-stranded DNA
surfactantSURFace ACTing AgeNT

t
tRNAtransfer RNA

u

v
visvisible

w
wtwild-type

x

y

z

Greek
µCPmicrocontact printing
µFFEmicrostructure free-flow electrophoresis
µfluidicsmicrofluidics
µIMmicro injection molding
µlmicroliter, 10−6 l
µmmicrometer, 10−6 m
µTASmicro TAS
µWPmicro-wet printing